Medicine is defined as science as well as art of curing humans, in terms of preventing and treating illnesses. The advancement in science and technology has shown the medical science to be becoming more dependent on medications.
Medicine is a very vast area, and no knowledge is sufficient knowledge in this area. It deals mainly with internal medicine and surgery. Internal medicine is the medical area which deals with diagnosis, management and treatment of diseases. This specialization now has many sub-specialities e. G. Gastroenterologists, Nephrologists, Paediatricians, Geriatricians, Haematology etc. The specialized training takes between 3-5 years to complete.
The clinical examination of the patient is based on several parameters. Some of these parameters include vital signs (e. G. Blood pressure, respiration rate etc.); the general appearance (e. G. Jaundice etc.), skin, neurological, psychiatric, abdomen, musculoskeletal etc.
Surgery is defined in terms of operative treatment. The minimum requirement for surgical training is the five year residency after graduation. The sub-specialities of surgery e. G. Cardiovascular surgery, oncologic surgery, orthopaedic surgery and many more, require about seven years to be a specialist surgeon in a particular field.
The advancement in technology has shown an immense progress in diagnostic sector. Certain specialities relate to various techniques employed for the laboratory tests, for the diagnosis and management of patients.
Pathology is another branch which deals with morphological and physiological changes in relation to certain diseases. The pathological tests play a significant role in evidence-based medicine. Some of the molecular tests which fall into this category are Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry etc.
Radiology is another branch which is assisting in diagnosis significantly. The x-ray, Computed tomography (CT) etc are the popular diagnostic techniques. General Practitioner, Emergency Medicine, Dermatology and several other specialities have been recognised to be playing a very important role in the management of the patients.
Compounding pharmacy or the nutritional science is based on the principle of imbalance in the physiological functions of the diseases. This specializes in the natural hormones, medication and supplements production. The aim is not to just treat patients for their symptoms. For both men and women, bioidentical hormones are prescribed for sex hormone imbalances. Other imbalances could be because of thyroid or adrenal functions. The compounding pharmacy also produces antioxidants, minerals, and amino acid groupings blended into required combinations, to meet the needs of persons.
Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) is a natural hormone therapy which makes use of hormones, which are similar to those hormones; which generate from within organism or tissue. This BHRT therapy has strong association with pharmacy compounding. In addition, blood and saliva testing is also associated with it. The major particular hormones used in BHRT are estradiol, estrone and progesterone.
It is hard to provide evidence that the BHRT is effective. There are products such as estradiol, estrone and progesterone which are FDA approved and available in the market. These products created by compounding pharmacy are not approved. In addition, these have the same side effects, therefore, not superior in any way. Traditionally, these hormones are being used for treating osteoporosis and menopause. But the claims made by BHRT are, that they can treat all diseases. However, BHRT may have higher potential of side-effects and risks, as compared to the approved drugs.
Legally, medicine can be practiced by only those physicians, who are qualified and registered with the authorities.